The European Capital of Culture programme is well known. But do you know that since the first edition, in Athens in 1985, there have been 30 similar titles around the world? In 2017 23 cities hold a title. Over 300 cities have held a title, some more than one title, some two titles at the same time and some more than once. Three programmes have yet to start, and 10 have been closed.
The European title has generated a substantial library of reports, evaluations, theses, commentaries and controversy. Little has been written about the other programmes. Under the auspices of international organisations, national ministries of culture, regional administrations and NGOs the Capitals illustrate different processes, share some common factors and differ in intention and activity.
In the paper, link above, I survey all the Capitals of Culture programmes: who set them up, objectives, selection and programmes. There is a comprehensive directory of programmes including tables of every title holder for all programmes.
My aim is to broaden awareness of the programmes, to trigger more analysis of them. More programmes are in the pipeline, there is no indication the trend for more titles will slow down.
The survey is an introduction. I welcome more information on titles (except ECOC) and will keep the paper up to date.
BREAKING NEWS: Arts Council Slovakia will soon announce a new national Capital of Culture programme.